Footage of the sisters Mary and Anne MacSwiney, on hunger strike in Mountjoy Prison. Mary was one of the founders of Cumann na mBan, and she and her sister Annie set up a school in Cork based on the same teaching principles as the likes of St. Enda’s in Dublin. In the year following her brother Terence’s death, she toured America in support of the Irish cause. Mary went on hunger strike twice and this footage is from November 1922. Annie supported her outside the prison, braving the harsh elements and would not eat until she was sure that her sister had been released. Undoubtedly one of the most influential and important Irish women of the time, as part of the executive of Cumann na mBan and when elected for Sinn Fein.
After the initial explosion, Irish army engineers were brought in to remove what remained of Nelson’s pillar and plinth in O’Connell Street. Although taking place in the early hours of the morning many turned up to cheer and dance as the explosion took place. Windows of several premises and the G.P.O. were smashed but no individuals were injured. Nelsons head is still on display in the Gilbert library on Pearse Street.
Maybe present day Dublin should take this example from Clonfarf in 1921. Houses built in a mere four weeks, and sturdy by the look of it. The difference perhaps between these and several modern Dublin builds is that I’m sure this location is not a ghost estate! Just four weeks to construct them too.
Introduced as part of the Finance Act of 1963, the “turnover tax” proved a controversial piece of legislation. Throughout the course of the year there were protests, meetings and rallies in all areas of the country from those in the sales industry as it was deemed totally unworkable. The sales tax of 2.5% led to huge fears of business closures and naturally caused political controversy at the time, but strongly defended by then Taoiseach Sean Lemass. This protest by approx 1,500 women was one of several in Dublin before the implementation of the statute, with exemptions sought for certain areas of business, as can be seen by the placards on show.
Scenes from “The Rose of Persia”, performed at the Gaiety theatre in December 1921 by the long established Rathmines and Rathgar musical society. The two act light opera was the last completed work of Arthur Sullivan(of Gilbert and Sullivan fame) aided by the writing of Basil Hood. The society were performing in aid of cancer research(the city of Dublin skin and cancer hospital in Hume Street) and got favourable reviews from the press, and in 1928 produced the same opera again featuring Nan McGarron, Florence Evans, Joseph O’Neill and others. The R&R musical society was established in 1913 and celebrated its centenary last year. It’s unfortunate clips of this period have no audio(the talkies where a while away at this stage!) but interesting archive footage.
Established in the 1760′s initially for the instruction and education of the children of deceased soldiers, the Royal Hibernian Military School was lucky to survive a fire that broke out in March 1925. The military school had by then been taken over as a barracks and hosted the first Irish speaking battalion of the Free State army. The fire started in a room beneath the clock tower and thankfully there was no loss of life as the fire spread quickly. Members of the army saved as much property as possible but the fire destroyed the roof and a considerable part of the upper floor. The fire brigade were quick on the scene but the weather was so cold in that March it hampered their efforts due to icicles forming on some of the hoses. The building, designed by Francis Johnston(see my earlier post in relation to him and the Richmond Gate at Kilmainham) now houses St. Mary’s Hospital after development in that direction by the Irish Army in the 1940′s.
Scenes during 1920 when a curfew was introduced in Dublin. People could not walk the streets between midnight and five in the morning unless you had a permit. Armoured cars patrolled the roads and streets with searchlights and if without that permit you would be arrested on the spot. Many premises and households were searched and arrests made. Scenes here show Sackville St. as auxilliairies of the R.I.C. drove armoured cars around the crowded streets.